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Indian Tribes in Mississippi


Among the Indian tribes that existed in Mississippi before white men were the Biloxi,

Chickasaw, Choctaw, Natchez, and Tunica. In 1830, the same year the US Congress

passed the Indian Removal Act, the Mississippi Legislature passed a resolution that gave

the state more control over Indian lands. This same year, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit

Creek was signed. In it, the Choctaw gave up their land in Mississippi in exchange for

a new home west of the Mississippi River. This started the sad and terrible Trail of Tears,

the Choctaw’s removal to Oklahoma. Currently, there is one federally recognized American Indian Tribe in Mississippi, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. They have 10,000 members.

1827 map of Mississippi showing the locations of Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians (photo courtesy of Geographicus)

For more information, visit the following websites:


Updated: 1/27/2012


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